A comprehensive Eulerian modelling framework for airborne mercury species: model development and applications in Europe

Sammanfattning

A comprehensive mercury model system using the Eulerian reference frame of the Acid Deposition and Oxidant Model (ADOM) has been developed under the Canada-Germany Science & Technology Co-operation Agreement and applied within the European Union MArine Science and Technology-BAltic Sea SYstem Study (MAST-III-BASYS) and the Environment & Climate project Mercury Species over Europe (MOE), to study the regional transport and deposition fluxes of atmospheric mercury species. The model is able to simulate long-range transport of mercury over the entire depth of the troposphere with a basic time step of 1 h and incorporates current knowledge of physicochemical forms and transformation reactions of atmospheric mercury species. Model predicted concentration and deposition pattern of mercury species over Europe are presented and concentrations of total gaseous mercury in ambient air and total mercury in precipitation calculated by the model are compared with observed values from a BASYS monitoring network study in February=March 1998. Concentrations in air agree within a factor of about 2 with observed values, thus indicating that the model is capable of reproducing observations satisfactorily even on an hourly basis. Observed monthly average concentrations in precipitation at four monitoring stations at the Baltic Sea coast are reproduced by the model within a factor of 1.3 suggesting that the chemical scheme in the model is based on an adequate parameterisation of aqueous phase chemistry

Medarbetare: John Munthe

Nyckelord: Mercury species, Numerical modelling, Eulerian models, Atmospheric mercury chemistry, Mercury deposition

Typ: Artikel

År: 2001

Rapportnummer: A1574

Författare: Gerhard Petersen, R Bloxam, S Wong, John Munthe, O Krüger, S.R Schmolke, A Vinod Kumar

Publicerad i: Pergamon Press, Atmospheric Environment 35 (2001) 3063-3074.