Solid Waste Treatment within the Framework of Life-Cycle Assessment


Traditionally, treatment of solid waste has been given limited attention in connection with life-cycle assessments (LCAs). Often, only the amounts of solid wastes have been noted. This is unsatisfactory since treatment of solid waste, e.g. by landfilling or incineration, is an operation, requiring inputs and producing outputs, which should be described in the inventory of an LCA, in parallel to other operations. However, there are difficulties in describing emissions from solid waste treatments and there is a need for development of such methods. In this paper an approach for describing emissions from incineration and landfilling is outlined. Methodological questions concerning the time-frame and allocation principles are discussed. Methods for estimating potential emissions from landfilling of municipal solid waste and industrial wastes are suggested. The methods are used for calculating potential emissions from landfilling of some typical wastes. These emissions are compared with the emissions from other stages in the life cycle for some materials and wastes. it is shown that the potential emissions from landfilling are, for some products, of importance for the final results. Hence, if emissions from landfilling are neglected, or underestimated, results and conclusions in an LCA may be misleading

Medarbetare: Jan-Olov Sundqvist

Nyckelord: LCA,solid waste treatment, life cycle assessment

Typ: Artikel

År: 1995

Rapportnummer: A1086

Författare: Göran Finnveden, Ann Christine Albertsson, Jaak Berendson, Erik Eriksson, Lars Olof Höglund, Sigbritt Karlsson, Jan-Olov Sundqvist

Publicerad i: Elsevier Science Ltd, J. Cleaner Prod. Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 189-199, 1995