Cycling of Methyl Mercury and Mercury - Responses in the Forest Roof Catchment to Three Years of Decreased Atmospheric Deposition

Sammanfattning

Studies of the biogeochemistry of total mercury (Hg) and methyl mercury (MeHg) in the Lake Gardsjön watershed have shown that the atmosphere is the most important source of Hg and MeHg in the ecosystem. Soils are accumulating most of the deposited Hg and MeHg, but transport of Hg and MeHg from the forested catchments into the lake ecosystems is enough to explain elevated concentrations of MeHg in fish in more than 10 000 Swedish lakes. An experimental roof was constructed to study effects of decreased atmospheric input on an entire forested catchment. The experiment started in April 1991, and decreases in the output of both MeHg and Hg occurred during 1991, 1992 and 1993. Runoff fluxes from the control catchment during the pre-treatment period were related to the experimental catchment using regression analyses. Since April 1991, after three year experiment, predicted compared to measured fluxes showed that Hg output decreased by 32% and MeHg by 28%. The decrease in Hg was most obvious during high water flows in winter/spring while MeHg decreased during all seasons of the year. The decreased input of Hg and MeHg to the Forest Roof Catchment is the most probable explanation to the rapid decrease in output of Hg and MeHg by runoff from the catchment basin.

Medarbetare: John Munthe

Nyckelord: Gårdsjön,Gårdsjön, mercury, methyl mercury, atmosphere

Typ: Artikel

År: 1995

Rapportnummer: A1031

Författare: Hans Hultberg, John Munthe, Åke Iverfeldt

Publicerad i: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 80:415-424, 1995