Consequential Life Cycle Assessment: What, How, and Why?

This article provides guidelines for conducting consequential life cycle assessment (LCA) studies.


The article presents the main features of two alternative approaches used in LCA—attributional and consequential—and describes how consequential LCA can be performed consistently and appropriately, with an example provided to guide practitioners. It is argued that, despite its limitations, consequential LCA is a robust approach for estimating important indirect effects of products.

Coworkers: Michael Martin

Year: 2017.0

Report number: A2256

Authors: Michael Martin, Brandao, M., Cowie, A., Hamelin, L., Zamagni, A.

Published in: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, December 2017