A renewable future for Uganda

The report “Energy Report for Uganda” presents a scenario where 100 percent renewable energy could be the future for Uganda. According to the report modern energy services can be rolled-out to the whole population by 2030 and by 2050 a modern energy system based on renewable energy sources can be achieved. The report was developed by a team of researchers led by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute on behalf of WWF Uganda.

The Report is the first of its kind from WWF in Sub-Saharan Africa and brings to light the prospect of a future powered by 100 percent renewable energy for a developing country.

Only 15 percent of Uganda's 37 million inhabitants have access to electricity. The energy consumption is dominated by wood and charcoal, mainly used for cooking and industries. Deforestation is a major problem in the country. The UN estimates that Uganda's population will increase to around 90 million by 2050 and the need to find ways to modernize and transform existing energy systems are great.

The scenario made for Uganda demonstrates the potential to create an energy system based on renewable resources by 2050. The result shows that it is possible to provide access for the population to modern energy services by 2030 and that a system based on renewable energy sources can be achieved by 2050. One important change would be to reduce the use of forest biomass. Important actions to take in order to achieve this are for stoves and burners to become more effective. The charcoal industry must furthermore modernize in order to reduce emissions and a new electricity production capacity must be added, both from the national grid, as well as through local solutions like solar cells.  An increased supply of public transport solutions, based on combinations of vehicles powered by electricity and biofuels, are needed within the transport section, as well as new logistics solutions.

The report describes the country’s current energy need, production and future potentials. The development of the energy system is described in the energy scenario, both in numbers as well as with the necessary priorities needed for change. Economic aspects and associated greenhouse gas emissions are described and compared to a reference scenario.

The report was conducted by IVL together with African Solar Design and Royal Institute of Technology on behalf of WWF Uganda.  Download the report: Energy Report for Uganda. A 100% Renewable Energy Future by 2050.

Download the report: Energy Report for Uganda. A 100% Renewable Energy Future by 2050

Mathias Gustavsson Tel. +46-10 788 68 95 E-mail: mathias.gustavsson@ivl.se