Acid Rain - Science and policy interactions over 50 years

Acid rain was during the last decades of the 20th century one of the largest environmental threats in Europe and North America causing severe effects to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

Thanks to large scientific efforts and science-based international political agreements and the commitment to actions in Europe and North America, emissions of the acidifying substances have decreased substantially and there are signs of recovery in many ecosystems.

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Last updated: 2021-05-05

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute has a wide environmental profile. We combine applied research and development with close collaboration between industry and the public sphere. Our consultancy is evidence-based, and our research is characterized by interdisciplinary science and system thinking.


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