The EU Emissions Trading System covers almost half of EU's carbon emissions, which is the equivalent of five percent of all global emissions. But in order to function as intended the system needs to be sharpened. In a new report researchers from IVL and Fores describes the basic ideas and the economics behind the trading system, and lists possible options for a trading reform.
Building materials are leaking contaminants that could be harmful to both human health and the environment. Researchers are now working together with the materials industry in order to develop an eco-innovative building material, made of biomass. The new material can be used both for renovation and for new buildings.
The Baltic Sea has major problems with dead sea beds and algae blooms. Scientists and environmental experts are currently testing the use of wave powered oxygen pumps, designed to mimic a natural process of oxygenation, in order to restore the sea beds. The technique has proved to be effective in pressing down large amounts of water and can be adapted for different conditions.
In a modern block of flats, the energy needed for the construction phase alone is just as large as the service energy required for 50 years of operation. This is shown in a new study by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
Acidification in lakes has a large impact on ecosystems. A new study of Swedish lakes shows that, as a result of international reductions of acidifying, water quality has improved but the biological recovery is still lagging.
Eggs collected from seabirds from several islands in the Norwegian Sea contain large numbers of toxins. In a new study the researchers found 158 different substances in the collected eggs. Particularly troubling is the discovery of new substances; some which of have been meant as a better alternative to now-banned substances.
The current dietary recommendations for the consumption of fatty fish from the Baltic Sea limit the opportunities for sales, mainly of salmon and herring. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute has now, along with coastal fishermen from the northern counties of Sweden, launched a project that aims to optimize both fishing and its processing so that the amount of dioxins in fish is minimized.
As the supply and use of ore-based steel will decrease in the future it will be more important that the quality of recycled scrap metal maintains as high as possible. By following the global scrap flows, one can see which materials are of sufficient quality and which are not.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute has developed a new hybrid-LCA tool that combines conventional LCA with input/output models. The result is a life cycle analysis that comes closer to the truth, makingIVL a forerunner in LCA methodology.
How can we measure the improvements in waste management? Are there development differences between different municipalities and what conclusions can we, if so, deduct from it? IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute has together with the consulting firm Profu developed specific indicators for this purpose.