Growing financial prosperity in the Baltic countries, and thus higher private consumption, is creating more waste. To tackle the waste challenges facing the ten countries around the Baltic Sea, the EU project RECO Baltic 21 Tech has developed a joint waste strategy.
The number of goods produced and sold under some form of environmental labelling has increased sharply in recent years, this according to a coming report from the research program Entwined, led by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute. Behind the rapid development are some of the world's largest private consumer goods companies.
Leading experts, scientists, policy makers and negotiators, as well as representatives from international organizations and the business community, gathered to discuss air quality issues in June during a workshop organized by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
Over a million Swedes state that they have health problems caused by their indoor environment, either in their homes or at work. Four out of ten homes are damaged by mould or dampness, which can cause health problems. IVL, Umeå University and SP Technical Research Institute are now working towards establishing a national centre of excellence for indoor environment, and the idea has caught the attention of the Ministry of Social Affairs.
The newly started research project Zenn, Nearly Zero Energy Neighbourhoods, aims to reduce energy use in existing buildings and neighbourhoods. Two residential areas in Malmö are participating in the project and in conjunction with the renovation of the areas a number of specific measures will be implemented.
Short-lived air pollutants, including black carbon, have significant effects on the environment as well as on air quality and health. Commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers, the Nordic countries are now identifying their own emissions and mapping effective preventive measures.
The problem of microscopic debris in the ocean is much greater than previously thought. Water samples taken in the harbour of Lysekil, by researchers from IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, contained 30 times more microscopic debris than previously measured in similar samples along the Swedish coast.
Which substance in paint will create the greatest ecological footprint? Is it titanium dioxide, calcium carbonate or iron oxide? With the help of a new database and a simple web tool, European paint manufacturers can now easily identify how the colours they use will affect the environment.
The Swedish forest is currently absorbing a large amount of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, but this absorption will not last. The ability to condense forest landscapes will in a few decades not be an option and the result will be that a greater proportion of carbon emissions will stay in the atmosphere.
It is well known that maritime transports contribute to significant particle emissions into the atmosphere. More unknown is how the particles' physical and chemical set up looks, and how they may vary under different conditions.