There has long been a need for a common method of calculating energy usage relative to sustainability. To meet this need, researchers at IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, together with consultants Aton Teknikkonsult, have developed an analytical method producing a resource index for the improved assessment of energy goods. The project was carried out on behalf of the Fjärrsyn research programme.
Recently IVL, together with Germany's national research center for aeronautics and space (DLR) and Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), has published a new report which summarizes emission factors of gaseous and particulate species from shipping.
Banned brominated flame retardants have been replaced by other related substances; substances that are likely to have equally harmful effects as those they have replaced. This was the conclusion from several researchers and leading European environmental experts who participated in the conference.
Although nitrogen and sulphur loadings in Sweden's lakes, watercourses and seas have declined significantly since 1995, the Swedish environmental quality objective of 'Zero eutrophication' remains unfulfilled. This is demonstrated by calculations carried out by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute as part of the SMED (Swedish Environmental Emissions Database) consortium.
In September 2011 a new website was launched for the bilateral research project "Development of the Co-operation within the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution" - CLRTAP. The aim of the website is to reach decision makers and an initiated audience in the air pollution arena in order to raise the awareness of international air pollution.
After seven years of the Clipore (Climate Policy Research) programme, the Mistra research foundation is to invest SEK25 million in the INDIGO (Instrument Design for Global Climate Mitigation) research programme. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute will again act as programme host.
An IVL study has revealed that eight kilos of textiles per person are discarded as household refuse every year. Two projects have been carried out to map textile waste flows in Sweden, as well as the challenges and opportunities involved in improving waste management.
A demonstration plant for improved nitrogen removal is now in operation as part of the ITEST project, which is part-funded by the EU. The aim is to achieve more efficient removal of nitrogen using less energy.
Organic certification improves coffee growers' environmental performance, according to a study of data covering hundreds of coffee growers in Columbia. A main conclusion in the study is that the consumer can be an influential actor in protecting the environment.
In global terms, the primary contribution of particles from marine vessels is almost equal to that of road traffic. Despite this, however, neither the EU or IMO (International Maritime Organisation) have yet specified limits for particulate emissions from this source.